Micro-interactions are the UI elements that serve to perform a single purpose activity. As an example we can say, sometimes you are filling the registration form of a phone application after filling the whole application you have got a submit button, and after clicking that submit button your registration is done. you clicked the small “Submit” button and a big change happened. This is the Micro-Interaction.
What is the significance of micro-interactions?
Micro-interaction urges the user to interact with the application he is using. These days applications and websites are developed in a huge capacity and sometimes stuck in the mess of coding and analyzing system we forget to induce one important aspect inside the design; humane UX. Micro-interactions can interact with the user humanly. If the above example is considered it’s like the traditional submission of information to the administration office. There you are done when you hand it over to the administration and here you are done when you click the “Submit” button.
Parts of Micro-Interactions
There are four parts of micro-interactions and they are categorized according to the functionality they perform.
- Triggers initiate micro-interaction. It can be initiated by the user or system. If the user wants to initiate it, he would have to act. But if the system has initiated it would have detected certain qualifications of the user and would have started it.
- Rules determine what will happen next after the trigger is pressed.
- Feedback represents the system response within the rules after the trigger is pressed.
- Loops and modes determine the meta-rules for the micro-interaction. These are the rules that show how a system would look like after responding to the trigger.
This is enough discussion about the micro-interactions. Now let’s talk about the usage and making your design a masterpiece.
How to use micro-interactions to enhance UX?
First of all, consider yourself in place of the user, what do you expect in the design of an application. Don’t overthink. Because overthinking leads to messier and complex design. Just start with the simplest idea and make it as human as possible.
Swipe action is easier than tap. the user can switch between the tabs smoothly Within lesser time more information can be grasped with swiping. Moreover, it’s an immediate gesture, it can be made without even thinking. And if you want to sell your product don’t make your users thinking.
While filling out information sometimes at the backend validations are applied. It is nice if those validations are represented interestingly right below the information filling line. Just like you would have seen in many applications password strength is shown when you are filling the password. It gives the person an idea that whether his account would remain secure or not.
It is essential to keep the user informed about the current state of the system. otherwise, he may lose interest in the application and will go to your competitor. Keeping up with the system status the user will know what’s going on and he would stay patient on his seat while some process is occurring.
Everybody is constantly seeking information, all of us. Tutorials with the help of micro-interaction, guides the users about the working of an application by simplifying and highlighting the basic features and important controls for easy understanding.
Call to action buttons urges the user to perform the activity that would be suitable for your business. If you are an online shopping center, if your user is liking the dress there should be an immediate “Order Now” button to urge the user to buy your product. Or if the downloading is necessary, the eloquent button must be kept there.
They play the role of information manager by letting the user know their way through your app or site. We need to pay attention to color, shape, special effects, animations, placement, and texture to make the user experience seamless.
It’s not difficult to make a UX with beautiful micro-interactions. All you need is to put yourself in the shoes of the user.